Nuclear Proliferation Treaty Essay Examples

the threat of nuclear proliferation Essay

1244 Words5 Pages

One of the foremost growing concerns in the modern globalized world is the increasing rate of nuclear proliferation. Coupled with the burgeoning number of nuclear devices is the threat of a terrorist possibly obtaining a weapon of such magnitude. While one could argue that the rising number of states with nuclear capability is a disturbing prospect, particularly as many pursue such capabilities without the approval of the “traditional” nuclear powers, terrorists in possession of nuclear arms presents the most horrific outlook concerning nuclear proliferation. Terrorist groups, unlike states, are not organized governmental bodies, which complicates any means of formalized diplomacy or negotiation. Furthermore, unlike as compared to a…show more content…

It is conceivable that nuclear weapons in the hands of such groups would be used in a manner both to wreak incredible destruction, and in a sort of religious homage to the relevant deity, particularly because “worldly consequences are not a central concern for religious terrorists, since they believe their actions are dictated by a divine authority,” (Stern, p.80).
Modern terrorists have come to the realization that “they cannot defeat the United States in a conventional war, but they can impose significant pain through acts of terrorism,” (Stern, p.5). After a century of American military, economic, and social success, the US has been elevated to the forefront of the global community. A defense budget of $401.7 billion makes the United States the dominant military force in the world, (2005 US Federal Budget). Furthermore, our history of success has established a general sentiment of invincibility among American citizens, and an attack on our civilian population would have tremendous ramifications, as was seen with the occurrence of September 11th. However, unlike al-Qaeda in Afghanistan under the Taliban, a nuclear attack may come from a group that does not enjoy the sponsorship of a state, making retaliation quite complicated. This sense of anonymity is another issue of terrorists with nukes that trumps a state with such capabilities. In the case of a state, there is a particular, defined, and easily identifiable party

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The Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons Essay

The emergence of nuclear weapons was brought about by distrust amongst states, following progress in nuclear research into uranium fission. Fearing that Germany would create a nuclear weapon first, the United States employed vast resources into nuclear research and developing the first nuclear weapon. The Soviet Union followed by testing its first atomic bomb in 1949, thereby beginning a nuclear arms race amongst countries that continues to the present day.
The official nuclear countries, Russia, France, United States, United Kingdom and China have shown no plans of giving up their nuclear weapons, fueling proliferation by non-nuclear states. Although numerous non-nuclear countries have sought nuclear weapons, few are known to have succeeded. Those with nuclear weapons programs include India, Israel, North Korea, and Pakistan.
There are fears that other countries such as Iran, South Korea, Taiwan, Syria, as well as Libya may be actively seeking nuclear weapons, or may decide to do so in the future. Reasons for seeking nuclear weapons vary from country to country, but the key reason remains national security. Other countries are driven by the need for prestige associated with owning nuclear weapons. In volatile regions such as the Middle East, countries seeking nuclear weapons are mainly driven by the need to balance power with neighboring countries, in order to avoid attacks.
The search for nuclear weapons is often shrouded in secrecy, therefore making it difficult to know just how many countries are doing so. Some countries such as South Africa and Iraq have ended their nuclear programs, but even this was done in a veil of secrecy that makes it difficult to determine an inventory of nuclear weapons in the world.
Motivations for Seeking Nuclear Weapons
There are varied reasons as to why states seek nuclear weapons, but the principal reason remains security threats presented by other countries, as well as by the official nuclear states. In ‘The Clash of Civilizations’ Samuel Huntington argues that states will continue to be at loggerheads as they compete for military and economic power, and control over international institutions. Religion has also been a source of conflict between states and civilizations, as some states seek to impose their religious values on others.
These sources of conflict have led to fear by states that the security of nations could be compromised at any time. This is more so in regions with a poor security record, such as the Middle East. Fear creates a need to enhance security, and many countries have opted to go nuclear so as to accomplish this task. A good example is in Pakistan, a country that came to be following it’s secession from India under religious guise. Pakistan has been engaged in confrontations with India which have led to wars in the past.
The country chose to seek nuclear weapons to protect itself from the threat it felt came from India’s larger military capabilities. Being a...

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The Causes And Effects Of Nuclear Weapons

1738 words - 7 pages The Effects of Nuclear Weapons During the Cold War Nuclear Weapons played a prime factor in the rise of the Cold War and ultimately our lives today. Some say the Cold War started during the Bolshevik revolution in 1917 (Kennan 36). Others say it was when Russia dropped its first atomic bomb. Though most believe that it started after the United States and Union of...

Chinese Violation of the United Nations Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

1056 words - 4 pages In this day and age, society operates in constant threat of terrorism, war, and nuclear fallout; the rapid growth of international militaristic power contributes to the ever-present fear in the back of all of our minds. None of us can go through the day without hearing a newscaster or radio personality talking about the growing threat that Iran or Afghanistan or North Korea poses to the global community, but there is one State that we hear of. ...

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Within the International Arena

1825 words - 7 pages Nuclear Non-Proliferation within the International Arena: An assessment on major solutions from both a realist and liberal perspective As defined by Christoph Bluth from the Political Studies Association, the proliferation of nuclear weapons is “widely perceived by political leaders as one of the major problems of global security in the contemporary era” (Bluth, 2012). This is clear by the catalog of concern and actions taken by governments...

Nayarit Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons

1600 words - 6 pages As a follow-up of a historic international conference on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons (Oslo, March 2013), the government of Mexico hosted a 2nd international conference from 13-14 February 2014 in Nuevo Vallarta, a residential resort community in the state of Nayarit, to build momentum for an ambitious diplomatic process that puts the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons the essence of nuclear disarmament...

The Impact of Limiting Nuclear Weapons during The Cold War

1846 words - 7 pages What was the Effect of Limiting Nuclear Weapons during The Cold War? A. Plan of Investigation The investigation assesses the effect of limiting nuclear weapons during the Cold War. In order to evaluate its significance, the investigation evaluates the role of Détente and the Strategic Arms Limitation Talk during the Cold War. These causes are investigated by the SALT process, Strategic Defense Initiative, the role of Détente policy and...

the need and utility of nuclear weapons , destructors or Saviors?

777 words - 3 pages         When one thinks of complete and total annihilation, the plumage of an infamous mushroom cloud is undoubtedly an image which comes to mind. This ominous image is '. . . a tiger which must be looked in the eye,' (Looking the Tiger in the Eye, 1982). The reason for which we must examine the issue of nuclear weapons, is best stated in the words of J. Robert Oppenheimer, '. . . until we have looked this tiger in the eye, we shall...

Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism

2283 words - 9 pages The whole world is just waiting for the one country, whether it is China, Russia, or North Korea, to set off a nuclear missile that would start a nuclear war and that would only end when there are few survivors left. However, maybe there is another way that a war could have an extreme number of casualties on every continent. The United States Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism believes that an...

A Constructivist View of North Korean Nuclear Proliferation

2373 words - 9 pages Since the end of the Korean War, the United States has enacted policies to isolate and undermine the Kim Dynasty in North Korea. A key development took place in the past several decades where North Korea broke away from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to develop their own nuclear weapons and while lacking launch capabilities, they have been successful in their development. During this process, the United States took active policies to deter...

International Institutions and Nuclear Proliferation: The Dependence on Nations

2895 words - 12 pages The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) that took effect in 1968 was the landmark of international cooperation during the Cold War. As of 2015, there are 190 nations as parties to the treaty with four abstentions and one withdrawal. While the cooperative importance of this treaty cannot be understated, it is not the only International Institution that has a prominent place in the non-proliferation, disarmament and...

Does the Non-State actor represent a new challenge to nuclear proliferation?

865 words - 3 pages [Type text] Does the Non-State actor represent a new challenge to nuclear proliferation?Non-state actor is a term widely used to mean any actor that is not a government (Willetts, 2005:426). Important non-state actors in international relations include:

The Proliferation of Technology in Developing Countries

1544 words - 6 pages Define globalization 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 and provide a sample of the type of business data managers collected during each era. Thomas Friedman contends that globalization 1.0 shrunk the world from large to medium and countries and governments were the main protagonists. The governments of countries would finance explorers like Christopher Columbus to discover new parts of the world to enhance trade and commerce. The governments financed the...

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